Economic conditions are still key to marine terminal trade demand. Relatively slow growth continues, likely for years. Imbalances shifting.
In the U.S. consumer demand is key to trade, yet vessel supply and marine terminals matter.
Environmental factors (fuels, alternative marine power, emissions control areas, slow steaming) increasingly affect trade and ports.
Ocean shipping rates, pressured by supply demand imbalances (and oil prices) long-term affect port choices and commodity sourcing.
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